It concerns the world’s first 3D-printed houses that are fit for habitation. These are buildings with an unusual design, which are created using a new production process, meet all statutory building requirements and offer all the comfort that today’s homeowners expect.
Vesteda will buy the homes. Other participants in the Milestone Project are parties that are also part of the research consortium of Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e). For this project, the participants are TU/e, Saint-Gobain Weber Beamix, Witteveen+Bos and Van Wijnen. The local authority participates in the project by making the land available and offering procedural support to facilitate the creation of this innovative product.
Yes, it concerns the world’s first printed concrete houses fit for habitation, which means they fulfil the criteria of the Dutch building code (Bouwbesluit).
The projects taking place in Europe are all demonstration cases that don’t result in houses fit for habitation. Chinese company Winstar has built a number of large projects using 3D printing in which 3D printing technology was used to produce prefabricated elements. When you look at the finished buildings, there is no way to tell they were created using 3D printing. The 3D Printed Canal House project in Amsterdam that was announced a few years ago has not resulted in a building fit for habitation.
The building industry and society. It is a way of giving substance to corporate social responsibility. The entire process, from development to construction, is digitized, which offers a number of advantages – everything is recorded, no knowledge is lost, it optimizes the use of materials, helps to improve working conditions etc. The local authority hopes that using this new technology will create more affordable, sustainable and demand-oriented housing.
The design is being prepared for the All-in-one Permit for Physical Aspects (Omgevingsvergunning) and will be ready by approx. Q3 2018. The first home is expected to be completed in the first half of 2019.
Vesteda will buy the homes and the land. The homes will become part of Vesteda’s housing portfolio. Vesteda invests funds from institutional investors including pension funds and insurance companies.
Subsidies have been applied for; the development of this innovation is definitely eligible for subsidisation.
The land price is in line with the market standard, the house meets all statutory requirements, the local authority is closely involved to ensure the All-in-one Permit for Physical Aspects (Omgevingsvergunning) can be issued correctly and on time.
By a partnership of TU/e, Saint-Gobain Weber Beamix and Van Wijnen.
The concrete, with a composition specially developed for this purpose, is deposited in the required place by a robot, without the need for formwork or steel fixers. https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=tu+eindhoven+%2B+concrete+printing
Production rate/lead time of construction can become much shorter as automation progresses. Democratisation of the manufacturing industry. The immense freedom of form will promote creativity and client/user participation (mass customisation/tailor-made industrial solutions); any changes that are required can be implemented simply by pushing a few buttons. Leads to co-creation with the end user, who will take on a far more central role. Sustainability: smaller raw material footprint (no formwork needed). 7% of global CO2 emissions originate from the concrete industry. Sustainability gains are possible. The printer uses no more concrete than is needed for the project and applies it extremely accurately, thereby reducing the amount of residue. The digital process reduces the failure costs enormously.
The technology is still under development, which means each project involves a learning curve. The more projects take place, the more lessons can be drawn. Because the technology is still under development, there will be a degree of unpredictability in terms of scheduling and results. For that reason, the right parties need to be involved from the outset. The specialists in this project are TU/e, Witteveen+Bos, Van Wijnen and Weber – parties that will ensure the rapid development of the technology.
The elements are prefabricated in the printing facility and joined together on the building site. From the first home to the fifth, the prefabrication process will be taken further in stages, with the ambition of printing the final home entirely on-site.
The rate of production could be increased enormously, which would allow construction costs (i.e. labour costs) to come down. It will replace part of the physically demanding work done by builders. It reduces failure costs thanks to digital engineering & construction. It will enable new partnerships between chain partners. Printing will allow more design freedom because no formwork is needed.
The project was initiated by a consortium. During the 2016 Dutch Design Week, the municipality of Eindhoven and TU/e signed a declaration of intent aimed at building the first-ever 3D concrete printed home in Eindhoven.
During the 2016 Dutch Design Week, a public statement was made about the intention to build the first-ever 3D-printed home in Eindhoven. After that, more work and engineering took place to enable the ambition of actually creating a printed home fit for habitation, in accordance with applicable statutory requirements and meeting the needs of the end user. A consortium was established that wanted to invest in the project. We found a site and an architect, and a design was created. We are now ready to start building.
Yes, the homes will be left in place indefinitely. Vesteda’s involvement concerns a long-term investment.
Vesteda tenants. Who the tenants are is not known at this point. Candidates can register free of charge on Vesteda’s website.
The homes will be ready to move into and will have a fitted kitchen and bathroom, and the floors and walls will be finished as well.
The homes will be connected to a heating grid which the local authority is having installed.
Bosrijk is eminently suitable for this innovative project. The architecture fits in with the surroundings and the homes tie in with the local authority’s ambitions for the area (sustainable, innovative, high visual quality, images in the landscape).
Candidates can register with Vesteda. Rent rates are not known at this point.
Not at this site/in this project, but the local authority would like to see more parties adopting this building method, from their perspective aimed at creating a more affordable, sustainable and demand-oriented residential city. Eindhoven is happy to provide a testing ground for innovations.
Concrete is extremely long-lasting, which makes it a sustainable product. Moreover, it is one of the few building materials that can be applied in a specific shape, then react with water and subsequently become inert to water. Less material will be used, only in places where it is needed and in exactly the required quantity, failure costs are reduced, there is less waste and it offers freedom of design, making it sustainable in terms of CO2 reduction as well as socially sustainable.
It originated from the collaborating parties in the research consortium of the TU/e, complemented by a buyer.
Where applicable, customary calculation rules from the current standards are used. Where not applicable, tests are performed to demonstrate the product fulfils all requirements.
The production method, the creative process, every single detail can be completely reinvented. That requires a radical rethink. In addition, there are practical challenges related to the printing, including how to produce a wall with insulation in one piece, or how to print a roof on-site.
The homes will fulfil all requirements that today’s homeowners have in terms of comfort, quality, layout and sustainability. We will, of course, take on board any feedback from people’s living experience in this project and apply it in future projects.
The first house will be opened temporarily for viewing by the public and media.